Do Squirrels Eat Grass?



Squirrels are small, agile rodents that belong to the family Sciuridae. They are known for their bushy tails and their ability to climb trees with ease. Squirrels are commonly found in gardens, parks, and wooded areas. As gardeners, it is important for us to understand the behavior and habits of squirrels in order to effectively manage our gardens and protect our plants from potential damage.

The topic of whether squirrels eat grass is of interest to gardeners and individuals who are passionate about creating their own gardens. In this article, we will delve into this topic and provide valuable insights for gardeners.

Understanding Squirrel Diets

Squirrels are omnivorous creatures, which means they have a diverse diet that includes both plant and animal matter. Their diets can vary depending on the availability of food sources in their environment. Squirrels are opportunistic feeders and will consume whatever food is readily accessible to them.

The primary food sources for squirrels are nuts, seeds, and fruits. They have strong jaws and sharp teeth that allow them to crack open nuts and seeds. Squirrels are known for their ability to hoard food, especially during the fall season when they gather and store nuts for the winter months.

In addition to nuts, seeds, and fruits, squirrels also consume a variety of other foods. They have been observed eating insects, such as caterpillars and beetles, as well as bird eggs and small vertebrates like mice and baby birds. Squirrels are skilled climbers and can easily access bird nests to feed on eggs or young birds.

Grass in Squirrel Diets

While squirrels primarily rely on nuts, seeds, and fruits, they have been observed consuming grass on occasion. Grass is not a staple food for squirrels, but there are several reasons why they may eat it.

One possible reason is that grass provides additional nutrients that may be lacking in their primary food sources. Grass contains essential vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin A and calcium, which can supplement their diet. Squirrels may instinctively seek out grass when they feel the need for these nutrients.

Another reason squirrels may eat grass is for its fiber content. Fiber is important for digestion and helps maintain a healthy digestive system. Grass can provide squirrels with the necessary fiber to aid in the digestion of their other food sources.

It’s important to note that not all species of grass are suitable for squirrel consumption. Some types of grass may be toxic to squirrels and can cause digestive issues or other health problems. Squirrels typically consume grass that is fresh and free from pesticides or other harmful chemicals.

Impact on Gardens

For gardeners, the question of whether squirrels eat grass becomes relevant when considering the impact these creatures can have on gardens. Squirrels are known to dig up lawns and gardens in search of buried nuts or to create burrows. If squirrels are consuming grass, it can further exacerbate the damage caused to gardens.

When squirrels dig up lawns and gardens, they can uproot plants, disturb the soil, and create unsightly holes. This can be frustrating for gardeners who have put in time and effort to cultivate their gardens. Additionally, squirrels may also nibble on plants, flowers, and vegetables, causing damage to the foliage or even preventing the plants from growing properly.

Grass consumption by squirrels can also lead to uneven patches in lawns. If squirrels are consistently grazing on grass, it can create bare spots or patches of shorter grass in certain areas. This can affect the overall aesthetic appeal of the lawn and require additional maintenance to restore its uniformity.

Furthermore, the digging and foraging behavior of squirrels can disrupt the root systems of plants, making them more susceptible to disease or death. This can be particularly problematic for delicate or young plants that have not yet established strong root systems.

Overall, the impact of squirrels on gardens can be significant, and it is important for gardeners to take measures to protect their plants and maintain the integrity of their gardens.

Strategies for Protecting Gardens

To protect gardens from squirrel damage, there are several strategies that gardeners can employ. These strategies aim to deter squirrels from entering the garden or to minimize the damage they can cause. Here are some effective methods:

  1. Physical barriers: Installing fences or netting around the garden can create a physical barrier that prevents squirrels from accessing the plants. Make sure the barriers are tall enough and buried deep enough to prevent squirrels from digging underneath.
  2. Natural deterrents: Certain plants and substances can act as natural deterrents for squirrels. For example, planting marigolds, daffodils, or garlic around the garden can help repel squirrels. Additionally, sprinkling cayenne pepper or using predator urine-based repellents can discourage squirrels from entering the garden.
  3. Squirrel-proof feeders: If you have bird feeders in your garden, consider using squirrel-proof feeders that are designed to prevent squirrels from accessing the bird food. These feeders often have mechanisms that close off access to the food when a squirrel tries to climb on them.
  4. Remove attractants: Squirrels are attracted to food sources, so it’s important to remove any potential attractants from the garden. This includes fallen fruits, nuts, or birdseed that may be scattered on the ground. Regularly clean up any debris or food remnants to discourage squirrels from foraging in the garden.
  5. Motion-activated devices: Motion-activated sprinklers or ultrasonic devices can startle squirrels and deter them from entering the garden. These devices use sensors to detect movement and emit a burst of water or high-frequency sound that scares away squirrels.
  6. Safe and humane trapping: If squirrel populations become too overwhelming, trapping and relocating them may be necessary. However, it’s important to check local regulations and guidelines regarding trapping and relocation to ensure it is done safely and humanely.

By implementing these strategies, gardeners can minimize squirrel damage and protect their plants from being uprooted or eaten by squirrels.

Can Squirrels Damage Grass by Eating It?

Squirrels are adorable critters, but they can cause damage to your grass if they develop a habit of snacking on it. Their constant grazing can lead to bald patches in your lawn, disrupting its lush appearance. Additionally, their urine contains ammonia, which can potentially harm the grass. If you’re concerned about squirrels and their impact on your lawn, it’s essential to understand the relationship between ammonia and grass: what to know.


In conclusion, while squirrels primarily rely on nuts, seeds, and fruits, they may occasionally consume grass for additional nutrients and fiber. For gardeners, understanding squirrel behavior and their diets is crucial in managing and protecting their gardens.

Squirrels can have a significant impact on gardens, as they may dig up lawns, nibble on plants, and create uneven patches in grass. This can be frustrating for gardeners who have invested time and effort into their gardens. However, by implementing strategies such as physical barriers, natural deterrents, and safe trapping methods, gardeners can strike a balance between squirrel conservation and garden protection.

It is important to remember that squirrels are a natural part of the ecosystem and play a role in seed dispersal and forest regeneration. Therefore, finding ways to coexist with squirrels while protecting our gardens is essential.

By understanding squirrel behavior, implementing effective deterrents, and maintaining a healthy garden environment, gardeners can minimize squirrel damage and enjoy the beauty of their gardens.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: Do squirrels eat grass exclusively?

A: No, squirrels do not eat grass exclusively. While they may consume grass on occasion, it is not their primary food source. Squirrels have a diverse diet that includes nuts, seeds, fruits, insects, and small vertebrates.

Q: Can squirrels damage my garden by eating grass?

A: Yes, squirrels can potentially damage gardens by eating grass. Their digging and foraging behavior can disrupt the soil and uproot plants. Additionally, if squirrels are consistently grazing on grass, it can create bare spots or patches of shorter grass in lawns.

Q: How can I protect my garden from squirrel damage?

A: There are several strategies you can employ to protect your garden from squirrel damage. These include installing physical barriers such as fences or netting, using natural deterrents like certain plants or repellents, and removing potential attractants like fallen fruits or nuts.

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