How To Plant A Garden Cover Crop With Field Peas


Are you a gardener who is struggling to grow healthy and productive vegetables in your garden? If you find yourself asking, "Why are my vegetables not growing?" or "Why is my garden not producing vegetables?", then you’ve come to the right place.

One effective solution to improve the health and fertility of your garden soil is by planting a cover crop with field peas.

In this blog post, we will guide you through the process of planting a garden cover crop with field peas, and explain why it can be beneficial for your garden.

What is a Cover Crop?

A cover crop is a type of plant that is grown primarily to benefit the soil rather than for harvest.

It is usually planted during the off-season or in between main crops to protect and improve the soil.

Cover crops help prevent erosion, suppress weeds, increase organic matter content, and enhance soil fertility. They also provide habitat for beneficial insects and microorganisms.

Why Choose Field Peas as a Cover Crop?

Field peas, also known as green manure, are a popular choice for cover cropping due to their numerous benefits.

Here are some reasons why you should consider planting field peas in your garden:

  1. Nitrogen Fixation: Field peas are legumes, which have the unique ability to convert atmospheric nitrogen into a form that plants can use. This process, known as nitrogen fixation, helps increase the nitrogen content in the soil, making it more available for other plants.
  2. Organic Matter: Field peas add organic matter to the soil as they decompose. This improves soil structure, water-holding capacity, and nutrient retention.
  3. Weed Suppression: The dense growth of field peas helps smother weeds, reducing competition for nutrients, water, and sunlight.
  4. Pest Control: Field peas release compounds that repel certain pests, such as nematodes, which can damage the roots of vegetable plants.
  5. Erosion Control: The extensive root system of field peas helps bind the soil, preventing erosion and nutrient runoff.

Steps to Plant a Garden Cover Crop with Field Peas

Now that you understand the benefits of planting a cover crop with field peas, let’s dive into the step-by-step process of how to plant it in your garden:

Step 1: Choose the Right Time

The ideal time to plant a cover crop with field peas is during the late summer or early fall, after you have harvested your main crops.

This allows the cover crop to establish and grow before the winter frost sets in.

Step 2: Prepare the Soil

Before planting, prepare the soil by removing any weeds or debris. Loosen the soil with a garden fork or tiller to a depth of 6-8 inches.

This will create a favorable environment for the field peas to grow.

Step 3: Seed Selection and Quantity

Select high-quality field pea seeds from a reputable source. The recommended seeding rate is typically 1-2 pounds of seeds per 1,000 square feet of garden area.

Adjust the quantity based on the size of your garden.

Step 4: Planting

Broadcast the field pea seeds evenly over the prepared soil. Lightly rake the soil to cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil, about 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep.

Water the area gently to ensure good seed-to-soil contact.

Step 5: Maintenance

Keep the soil consistently moist until the field peas germinate and establish. Watering once or twice a week should be sufficient, depending on the weather conditions.

Monitor for pests and diseases, and take appropriate measures if necessary.

Step 6: Termination

In the spring, before the field peas start to flower, it’s time to terminate the cover crop. Cut down the plants close to the ground using a scythe or a lawnmower.

Leave the cuttings on the soil surface as mulch or incorporate them into the soil.

Step 7: Planting Main Crops

After terminating the cover crop, you can proceed to plant your main crops.

The improved soil fertility and structure from the cover crop will provide a healthy environment for your vegetable plants to grow and thrive.

By following these steps, you can successfully plant a garden cover crop with field peas and reap the benefits of improved soil health and fertility in your garden.


Planting a garden cover crop with field peas is a sustainable and effective way to enhance the health and productivity of your garden soil.

The nitrogen-fixing properties, weed suppression abilities, and erosion control benefits of field peas make them an excellent choice for cover cropping.

By incorporating this practice into your gardening routine, you can create a thriving and sustainable garden ecosystem.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does it take for field peas to germinate?

Field peas typically germinate within 7-10 days under optimal conditions. However, factors such as temperature and soil moisture can affect the germination time.

Can I eat the field peas from my cover crop?

While field peas can be harvested and eaten, it is more common to use them as a green manure cover crop.

The primary purpose of planting field peas is to improve soil health rather than for harvest.

Can I plant other vegetables alongside the field peas?

It is not recommended to plant other vegetables alongside the field peas in the same growing season. The field peas will grow vigorously and may outcompete other plants for resources.

Can I use field peas as a cover crop in a container garden?

Yes, you can use field peas as a cover crop in a container garden.

Choose a container with sufficient depth for the roots to grow, and follow the same planting and maintenance steps as for a garden bed.

How do I terminate the field pea cover crop?

To terminate the field pea cover crop, cut down the plants close to the ground before they start to flower.

You can leave the cuttings on the soil surface as mulch or incorporate them into the soil.

Can I save field pea seeds for future planting?

Yes, you can save field pea seeds for future planting. Allow the pods to dry on the plants, then harvest and store the seeds in a cool, dry place.

Make sure to label and date the seeds for proper identification.

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